2022.12.15,陈勇，教授，华东师范大学，Physics-informed neural network methods based on Miura transformations and discovery of new localized wave solutions
报告题目：Physics-informed neural network methods based on Miura transformations and discovery of new localized wave solutions
报告人：陈勇 教授 华东师范大学
We put forth two physics-informed neural network (PINN) schemes based on Miura transformations. The novelty of this research is the incorporation of Miura transformation constraints into neural networks to solve nonlinear PDEs, which is an implementation method of unsupervised learning. The most noteworthy advantage of our method is that we can simply exploit the initial-boundary data of a solution of a certain nonlinear equation to obtain the data-driven solution of another evolution equation with the aid of Miura transformations and PINNs. In the process, the Miura transformation plays an indispensable role of a bridge between solutions of two separate equations. It is tailored to the inverse process of the Miura transformation and can overcome the difficulties in solving solutions based on the implicit expression. Moreover, two schemes are applied to perform abundant computational experiments to effectively reproduce dynamic behaviors of solutions for the well-known KdV equation and mKdV equation. Significantly, new data-driven solutions are successfully simulated and one of the most important results is the discovery of a new localized wave solution: kink-bell type solution of the defocusing mKdV equation and it has not been previously observed and reported to our knowledge. It provides a possibility for new types of numerical solutions by fully leveraging the many-to-one relationship between solutions before and after Miura transformations. Performance comparisons in different cases as well as advantages and disadvantages analysis of two schemes are also discussed. On the basis of the performance of two schemes and no free lunch theorem, they both have their own merits and thus more appropriate one should be chosen according to specific cases.
时间：2022年12月15日（星期四）下午2:00 --- 3:00